🔖 Purpose of the text
To inform readers, steners or viewers about event of the day.
🔖 Generic Structure
➥Newsworthy events : recounts the event in summary form
➥Background events : elaborate what happend, to whom, and in what circumstances.
=== menyeritakan apa yang terjadi, kepada siapa terjadi
➥Sources : are comments by participants in, witnesses to, and authorities expert on the event.
=== komentar oleh para pelaku, saksi mata, pejabat yang bersangkutan, dan para ahli pada kejadian.
🔖 Language Features of News Item
➥The use past tense
e.g. : Alyssa Diva Mustika won the gold medal at the International Matematics Contest held in Romania.
➥The use of action verbs
e.g. : go, walk, run, drive, ride, kill.
➥The use of saying verbs
tell, reply, say, answer
➥The use of passive sentences
=== The three victims were found by SAR team in Banda Aceh.
=== The whole village was swept away by tsunami last year.
➥The use of direct and indirect speech
=== The victims were taken to hospital
➥The use of adverbs of manner
=== happily, fast, hard, slowly.
➥The use of adverbs of time and place
=== one day, yesterday, after the lesson, in the classrom, at school.
➥Adjectives to form noun phrases
=== a beautiful, sunny day, a large green field, asoft, white sandy beach.
➥Conjunctions to link sentences
=== and, but, so, because, for, or.
➥The use of time connectives
=== after that, meanwhile, then, finally, next, the next morning.
=== he, she, they, them. his, it.
🔖 The tenses in hedlines
➥The past participle is used for passive sentences.
➟Agreement is signed today
➟Agreement Signed today
➥The invinitive is used for feature events.
➟The president will open the ASEAN summit.
➟President to Open ASEAN Summit.
➥The present participle is used for happening events.
➟English teachers are having a TEFLIN seminar
➟English Teachers Having TEFLIN Seminar
➥To be and pronouns omitted in headlines
➟People are free to choose their leader People Free to Choose Leader.